Preparation of the financial statements using IFRS requires that the Board and company management make assessments, estimates, and assumptions that affect application of the accounting policies and the recognised amounts of assets, liabilities, income, and expenses. These estimates and assumptions are based on historic experience and several other factors that are judged to be reasonable taking current conditions into consideration. Resulting estimates and assumptions are used to determine the estimated value of assets and liabilities that are not otherwise clear from other sources. The actual outcome may differ from these estimates and assessments.f
The estimates and assumptions are reviewed regularly. Changes to estimates are recognised in the period when the change is made – if the change only affected that period. If the change affects current and future periods, it is recognised in the period when the change is made and in future periods. The development, selection of, and disclosures regarding the Group’s significant accounting policies and estimates, and the application of these policies and estimates, are reviewed by the CDON Group’s Audit Committee.
Key sources of uncertainties in estimates
Note 9 contains information about the assumptions and risk factors regarding impairment testing of goodwill and other intangible assets with indefinite useful lives. Note 17 includes a description of provisions made.
Goodwill and other intangible non-current assets
Goodwill and other intangible assets with indefinite useful lives are tested annually for impairment or when evidence demonstrates a need for impairment. The impairment test requires that management determines the fair value of cash-generating units on the basis of projected cash flows and internal business plans and forecasts. For additional information, see Note 9 Intangible assets.
Obsolescence assessment of inventories
Inventories are reviewed monthly to determine possible impairment. An impairment loss is reported in cost of goods sold at the amount which, after careful evaluation, the inventory is considered obsolete. If true obsolescence differs from estimates or if management makes future adjustments to the assumptions, changes in valuation can affect the period’s earnings and financial position.
Provisions and contingent liabilities
Liabilities are recognised when there is a present obligation as a result of a past event, when it is probable that an outflow of economic benefits will occur and a reliable assessment of the amount can be made. In these cases, a calculation of the provision is made and recognised in the statement of financial position. A contingent liability is recognised in the notes when a possible obligation is incurred, but whose existence can only be confirmed by one or more uncertain future events beyond the Group’s control, or when it is not possible to calculate the amount. Realisation of contingent liabilities that are not recognised or not included in the annual report can have a material effect on the Group’s financial position.
The Group regularly reviews significant outstanding disputes to determine the need for provisions. Among the factors considered in such an assessment are the type of litigation or summons, the amount of any damages, the development of the case, perceptions of legal and other advisers, experience from similar cases, and decisions of Group management regarding the Group’s actions concerning these disputes. Estimates do not necessarily reflect the outcome of pending litigation, and differences between outcome and estimate may significantly affect the Company’s financial position and have an unfavourable impact on operating income and liquidity. For additional information, see Note 17 Provisions.